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Objective: To investigate the reasons for family refusal among the eligible organ donors; characterize eligible organ donors in relation to sex, age, cause of death and origin; identify the responsible for making the decision to consent or refuse organ donation; associate the reasons for refusal and the degree of kinship of those responsible for decision-making; associate refusals to sex, age and cause of brain death. Method: This is a study of documentary, retrospective, descriptive and quantitative approach, held in the Center of Notification, Captation and Distribution of organs in Piaui, with data collection of eligible donor records of organs in case of brain death in which family members were interviewed and refused to donate organs in 2014. Results: Of the 21 family members who refused to donate: 61.90% are women, 38.09% are parents and 23.80% children. Regarding the profile of eligible donors in brain death, 52.38% were female, 61.90% had 20-59 years and 57.14% were from Piauí. The family alleged refusal reasons were: family divergence (28.58%), keep the body intact, not potential donor in life and ignorance about the diagnosis of brain death (14.28% each). Regarding the cause of death, it was 47.62% for traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic stroke. Conclusion: Family dispute constitutes the main reason for refusal, with parents primarily responsible for it.

Moreira JR Editora